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In this article, we will discuss mixed hyperlipidemia and its causes.
Mixed hyperlipidemia is a condition in which there is an elevation of triglycerides and cholesterol levels in the blood. It is often associated with obesity and diabetes.
What Is Mixed Hyperlipidemia?
Mixed hyperlipidemic patients usually present with elevated total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), along with high triglyceride levels. This condition is also known as dyslipidemia. Dyslipidemia is defined as abnormal lipid metabolism.
Causes of Mixed Hyperlipidemia
There are several possible causes of mixed hyperlipidemia. These include genetic predisposition, lifestyle habits, diet, medications, and other medical conditions.
Symptoms Associated With Mixed Hyperlipidemia.
Mixed hyperlipidemia is characterized by elevated levels of triglycerides (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), as well as normal high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C). It is also known as “mixed dyslipidemia” because it involves both increased TG and decreased HDL-C.
How it is diagnosed and treated.
Mixed hyperlipidemic patients often present with symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, weight loss, fatigue, muscle aches, joint pains, and headaches. They may also complain of feeling cold easily, having dry skin, and being tired.
When to contact a doctor
The AHA Trusted Source recommends that all adults over the age of 20 have a lipid profile every 4-6 years. A person should tell their doctor about any known risk factors for heart attack or stroke, such as family history, stress, physical inactivity, or smoking. A person should speak with a doctor if he begins to develop symptoms or problems that cannot explain. The doctor can help determine what problems could cause. When to seek emergency help
A person shouldn’t ignore certain symptoms. Anyone who suspects they are having a heart attack or stroke should call the emergency health services or seek emergency medical attention. Symptoms of a stroke can include:
– slurred speech
– numbness in the leg, arm or face, usually on one side of the body
– vision problems in one eye
– a severe headache with no known cause
– problems with movement or coordination
Symptoms of a heart attack can include:
– discomfort in one or both shoulders
– chest pain
– pain in the neck, jaw or back
– shortness of breath
A number of factors can influence the outlook for people with hyperlipidemia. These include:
– the person’s age
– how well they stick to their treatment plan
– how well their cholesterol levels respond to treatment
Treatment will likely have the greatest chance of success if a person takes steps to ensure they are following the plan as closely as possible. The person can also maximize their chance of a good outcome by:
– eat a nutritious and well-balanced diet
– engage in regular exercise
– reach or maintain a moderate weight
– quit smoking, if any
Making these changes can help a person reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease and live a longer, healthier life.
Mixed hyperlipidemia is a congenital disorder in which a person naturally has higher levels of cholesterol and fat in their body. Without proper treatment, a person’s risk of developing complications, such as cardiovascular disease, can increase.
Treatment often involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, to help lower cholesterol levels. In some cases, the use of medications may be necessary.
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